701 Neck Road
China, ME 04358
About China Lake
China Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the United States and one of the most beautiful lakes in Maine, with an average depth of 1.5 meters.
The lake basin is often divided into three sections for environmental monitoring and control. The western basin is known as basin No. 1, which covers the western part of the China Lake and the eastern half of its basin, and borders the China Sea at a depth of 1.5 meters and a surface of 2,000 square kilometers. Together, these two eastern basins cover a total area of 6,200 square kilometres and are divided by the Great Lakes Basin, a basin with an average depth of 4.2 metres. The western basin comprises the northern and western half, while the eastern basin comprises the southern half.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Chinese Lake was the Kennebec's most important water supply and today supplies more than 40,000 people. The lake in the West Basin has an average depth of 33 feet, while the East Basin is flatter and measures an average of 20 feet. At the same time, the maximum depth in it is 85 feet with a surface area of 2,500 square kilometers and a maximum surface height of 1.5 meters.
The Kennebec Water District owns much of the shores of the lake and is trying to protect it from future problems. The two true lakes are very different: the Western Basin is virtually undeveloped, with only 1% of potential land being used. The eastern basin is clearly developed with houses and apartments around the edge.
There are several public beaches, and in southern China, near China Village in Vassalboro, there are three public boat ramps.
If you want to spend an outdoor holiday, there is a campsite nearby, and locals and visitors can disembark, which can cause some trouble, but not too much.
Like many lakes in the northeastern United States, China Lake is a pleasant destination for anglers. The popular warm water fish are bees and like many other species of the lake it is also a popular source of food for trout.
Chinese Lake has four main tributaries and it had four major rivers: Muldoon Stream, which flows from the East Basin north to north to north-east; Ward Brook, which flows into the West Basin; Jones Book, which flows from the Starkey Brook of the West Basin south - from east to west - and the North-South River of Jones Brook from east to west.
Despite its many water sources, the Chinese Lake has only one outlet: the original dam was built during the Civil War. After the dam, the stream flows into the Sebasticook River, and the volume of water in the lake has increased.
In 1969, the Maine Environmental Protection Agency (MDEP) rebuilt the dam and raised the water level by four meters. The dam was owned by the city of Vassalboro until 2006, when it was transferred to the Kennebec Water District. The water level is determined by the water flow from the Sebasticook River into the lake and then by the river into the Chinese Lake.
The dam, which stands at a height of 194.7 feet, is equipped with removable metal grids for fish and is mainly used for flood protection. It also serves as a sewage treatment plant for water from Sebasticook to the lake and as an irrigation system for water storage.
The winter falls reduce the drainage of winter and spring and help to restore the water quality and health of the lake.
The term was coined in the mid-1980s, when the water quality of Lake China began to deteriorate very quickly. Indeed, China Lake was one of the first lakes in our state of Maine to show a dramatic increase in phosphorus levels caused by a growing population. The element, which is essential for healthy flora and damages water quality, has been identified as a product of new residential development. Many memories have been etched into me when I first visited the lake as an 8-year-old child.
The phosphorus caused green algal blooms to enter the lake and the number of fish and other aquatic life to increase.
If China Lake Syndrome is better understood, concerted efforts will be made to minimize the impact of human development and reverse the damage that has already been done to it. Algal blooms are still observed, but the water quality of the lake has improved significantly compared to China Lake Syndrome Day. If you want a holiday in New England, you can imagine a rolling field of green grass, a beautiful lake and plenty of fresh water. In fact, the area around the Chinese lake fits this picturesque vision quite well.
While there are many chain hotels and motels, the real charm of this relaxed rural landscape lies in the holiday homes and cottages rented out for the holidays. Most of the apartments are unique and privately owned and are lovingly maintained by residents who enjoy life in Maine and would not live anywhere else.
China Lake is the perfect destination for travelers who want to see this stunning lake from a well-paved path. The town of Vassalboro, Maine, is a small town of just over 1,000 people and is located in the heart of the city, home to the University of Maine College of Arts and Sciences and Maine State University.