Type of Fishing


When spring begins to break and arrive around the world, determining the type of fishing that is right for you greatly varies based on your location and the type of fish you are looking to catch. By choosing the right type of fishing when heading out for the day you are able to greatly increase your chances of success, regardless of the weather and the water you are fishing on.

Fresh Water Fishing

Fresh water fishing is a common practice worldwide and only involves fresh water from nearby lakes or river to begin. For traditional fresh water fishing, live bait such as worms and crickets are commonly used in addition to small flies and lures. When fishing for bass, using various topwater plugs, flies, and plastic lures is a highly recommended practice. 

Fly Fishing

Going fly fishing requires a 3 to 13-weight fly rod but allows you to fish without diving directly into the water yourself with proper waders. Fly fishing requires less distance when looking to catch fish and allows you to become part of the environment throughout the process. Many fish caught near the shore include red drums and bass. However, in deeper water when fly fishing, it is also possible to attract many more fish types with the use of live crab, shrimp, and eel fish as your bait. It is also possible to catch both panfish and bass with the use of imitation insects and frogs as well, even as you get deeper in the water.

Inshore Salt Water Fishing

Although tidal rivers and coastal bays are some of the most popular locations for inshore salt water fishing, simply heading out into saltwater from the shore is another way to enjoy this type of fishing. Catching everything from Spanish mackerel and bluefish to red drums, pompano and tarpon fish are all possible when inshore salt water fishing. Using light-tackle anglers along with flies are best near fish, whereas those who are fishing on the coast often carry live bait such as fresh fish, dead shrimp, live sad fleas, squid, and crabs based on the location of your choice and whether or not you have chosen a local beach to fish in.

Deep Sea Fishing

Deep sea fishing requires the ability to go into the depths of the water to catch fish ranging from snappers and groupers to amberjack, permits, black sea bass, cobia, and king mackerels. When you are fishing in waters that have a depth of 120 feet or more it is also possible to catch everything from mahi-mahi and sailfish to blue marlin, swordfish, and even wahoo. Most often, catching larger prey requires larger live bait to increase your odds of success.

Spear Fishing

Spear fishing is one of the oldest forms of fishing in existence. It requires patience, skills, and an understanding of one's environment and flow of fish in order to become successful and consistent with the practice. Creating a spear that resembles an "arrow" is one way for you to familiarize yourself with the concept of catching everything from panfish to bass at sea levels that are less than knee deep.

Knowing the various methods of fishing that are the most popular is a way for you to make an informed decision when you decide to fish for a day or even an entire week. Whether you are going deep sea fishing or if you prefer fly fishing out of the water, there are plenty of ways to make a go of the sport, regardless of whether you are a professional or new to fishing altogether.

Carla Arbuckle
Carla Arbuckle

Carla is a staff writer for Fishing.org and Shooting.org. She is an avid outdoors enthusiast and photographer. She can be found most weekends fishing and exploring the wilderness.